Full Official Name: Ukraine

Region: Eastern Europe

Capital: Kiev

Population: 44,429,471

Ethnic Groups: Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8%

Languages: Ukrainian (official) 67.5%, Russian 29.6%, other 2.9%

Religions: Orthodox, Ukrainian Orthodox – Kyiv Patriarchate (UOC-KP), Ukrainian Orthodox – Moscow Patriarchate (UOC-MP), Ukrainian Greek Catholic, Roman Catholic, Protestant, Muslim, Jewish

Government: Presidential Constitutional Republic

Legislature: Verkhovna Rada


A. War in Donbass

Type of Conflict: Ethnic, Political, Territorial

Conventionally Dated Period: 6 April 2014  – Ongoing

Parties Involved:

  • Russia, Donetsk Peoples’s Republic, Luhansk People’s Republic
  • Ukraine


In 2014, Ukraine had its Euromaidan Revolution which saw the ousting of pro-Russian Viktor Yanukovych.  Sensing deeper ties between Ukraine and the European Union, Russia instigated a revolt first in the Russian Majority Crimean Peninsula, then the border provinces of Donetsk and Luhansk, in which as a collective is known as the Donbass.  Ukraine and its Western neighbors (including the US) sees this as a Russian unilateral declaration of aggression against Ukraine and in retaliation have imposed many sanctions in various industries.

Despite numerous attempts at ceasefires, violation of ceasefire terms by both sides was common.  The current stalemate of the conflict has gained it the name “the Frozen Conflict.”

Peace Process: No