Full Official Name: Republic of Tunisia

Region: Northern Africa

Capital: Tunis

Population: 11,037,225

Ethnic Groups: Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%

Languages: Arabic (Official), French, and Berber

Religions: Sunni Muslim

Government: Unicameral Parliamentary Republic

Legislature: Assembly of the Representatives of the People


A. Insurgency in the Maghreb

Type of Conflict: Fundamentalist Religious Insurgency

Conventionally Dated Period: 11 April 2002 – Ongoing

Parties Involved:

  • Algeria, Morocco, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, and France
    • Limited Involvement from Tunisia, Senegal, Burkina Faso, and Nigeria
    • Support from the Netherlands, United States, United Kingdom, EU, Spain, and Chad
  • Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, Movement for Oneness and Jihad in Western Africa, Moroccan Islamic Combattant Group, Tunisian Combatant Group, Salafia Jihadia
    • Support from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant


The conflict started in 2002 with the bombing of the Ghriba Synagogue which killed 22 people including 14 Germans, 5 Tunisians, and 2 French nationals.  Terrorist and bombing activities have been on the rise ever since and have received support from the global Al-Qaeda organization and the Islamic State.  Fundamentalist terrorism activities have spread to almost all major Northwestern African countries by 2012.  Starting in 2007, the affected countries participated in an offensive strategy, Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara, with the support of the United States, United Kingdom, and other allies.

Peace Process: No