Full Official Name: United Mexican States

Region: North America

Capital: Mexico City

Population: 121,736,809

Ethnic Groups: Mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 62%, predominantly Amerindian 21%, Amerindian 7%, other 10%

Languages: Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%

Religions: Roman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah’s Witnesses 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7%

Government: Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic

Legislature: Congress


A. Mexican Drug War

Type of Conflict: Narcotic

Conventionally Dated Period: 11 December 2006 – Ongoing

Parties Involved:

  • Mexico and the United States
  • Sinaloa Cartel
  • Los Zetas


Drug trafficking syndicates are widespread around Mexico and pose a big problem in the security of the country.  Countless people (mainly women and children) are hoarded away each year to essentially work as slaves for the drug cartels.  Corruption within the country is also well-known and widespread as local police forces have the tendency to cooperate with cartels in exchange for money and power.

Since 2006, Mexico and the United States (one of the largest receivers of Mexican drugs) cooperated to eliminate the cartels and restore federal power.  By the end of 2012, the death toll on this war has amassed to at least 60,000.  Money laundering and corruption still remain as obstacles to effectively eliminate the drug trade.

On 15 July 2015, Joaquin Guzman, also known as El Chapo, leader of the Sinaloa Cartel, escaped from maximum security prison.

Peace Progress: No