Official Full Name: Libya

Region: Northern Africa

Capital: Tripoli

Population: 6,411,776

Ethnic Groups: Berber and Arab 97%, other 3%

Languages: Arabic (official), Italian, English, Berber (Nafusi, Ghadamis, Suknah, Awjilah, Tamasheq)

Religions: Sunni Muslim (Official) 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, Buddhist 0.3%

Government: Provisional Parliamentary Republic

Legislature: Council of Deputies


A. Libyan Civil War (2014 – Present)

Type of Conflict: Civil War

Conventionally Dated Period: 16 May 2014 – Present

Parties Involved:

  • Libyan Parliament
    • Egypt
    • United Arab Emirates
  • New General National Congress
    • Supported By Qatar, Sudan, and Turkey
  • Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries, Shura Council of Mujahideen in Derna
  • Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant


After the 2011 Civil War, the General National Congress was elected to the government of Libya.  To the public’s dismay, the GNC started to become more and more fundamentalist, often suppressing questions against the government and threatening to adopt Sharia Law.  Islamists highly outnumbered liberals and centrists in the parliament.  The public’s wishes of establishing a more liberal and secular state dwindled, therefore starting the second civil war in 2014.

In the complicated multiway struggle for power, the elected government headed by the GNC is pitted against the revolutionary forces seeking to create a new liberal and secular state.  While the aforementioned drama was unfolding in Tripoli, Islamic fundamentalist militants have set up their headquarters in Benghazi, Libya’s second largest city.

Alliances and resurgence of violence within each sides took place constantly.  Not only were the local population terrorized and displaced, attacks on government institutions and foreign embassies were also widespread.

Peace Process: No