Full Official Name: Lebanese Republic

Region: Middle East

Capital: Beirut

Population: 6,184,701

Ethnic Groups: Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%

Languages: Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian

Religions: Muslim 54% (27% Sunni, 27% Shia), Christian 40.5%, Druze 5.6%

Government: Parliamentary Multi-Confessionalist Republic

Legislature: Parliament


A. Syrian Civil War Spillover

Type of Conflict: Spillover from Neighboring Conflict

Conventionally Dated Period: 17 July 2011 – Present

Parties Involved:

  • Anti Syrian Government Forces
    • Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
    • Anti-government Militants
    • Future Movement
      • Support by Saudi Arabia
  • Pro-Syrian Government Forces
    • Hezbollah
      • Support by Syria and Iran
    • Arab Democratic Party
    • Government of Lebanon
      • Support by Saudi Arabia, Russia, France, UK, and the US


After the Cedar Revolution in 2005 and the withdrawal of Syrian forces from Lebanese territory, parliamentary bipartisanship has mainly been between pro-Syrian and anti-Syrian factions.  As one of the results from the Syrian Civil War, pro-government and anti-government forces from within Lebanon and neighboring countries started fighting on Lebanese territory.

Peace Process: No