Full Official Name: State of Eritrea

Region: Eastern Africa

Capital: Asmara

Population: 6,527,689

Ethnic Groups: Tigrinya 55%, Tigre 30%, Saho 4%, Kunama 2%, Rashaida 2%, Bilen 2%, other 5%

Languages: Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages

Religions: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant

Government: Single Party Presidential Republic

Legislature: National Assembly


A. Second Afar Insurgency

Type of Conflict: Undeclared War

Conventionally Dated Period: 1995 – Present

  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
  • Afar Revolutionary Democratic Unity Front


An undeclared war between Eritrea and Ethiopia in the Afar region.  Most of the fighting occurred between insurgent groups and government but minor skirmishes between the two countries have been witnessed.

Peace Process: No