Official Full Name: People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria

Region: Northern Africa

Capital: Algiers

Population: 39,542,166

Ethnic Groups: Arab-Berber 99%, European 1%

Languages: Arabic (Official), French, Berber Dialects

Religions: Sunni Muslim, Various Christians

Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic

Legislature: Parliament of Algeria


A. Insurgency in the Maghreb

Type of Conflict: Fundamentalist Religious Insurgency

Conventionally Dated Period: 11 April 2002 – Ongoing

Parties Involved:

  • Algeria, Morocco, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, and France
    • Limited Involvement from Tunisia, Senegal, Burkina Faso, and Nigeria
    • Support from the Netherlands, United States, United Kingdom, EU, Spain, and Chad
  • Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, Movement for Oneness and Jihad in Western Africa, Moroccan Islamic Combattant Group, Tunisian Combatant Group, Salafia Jihadia
    • Support from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant


The conflict started in 2002 with the bombing of the Ghriba Synagogue which killed 22 people including 14 Germans, 5 Tunisians, and 2 French nationals.  Terrorist and bombing activities have been on the rise ever since and have received support from the global Al-Qaeda organization and the Islamic State.  Fundamentalist terrorism activities have spread to almost all major Northwestern African countries by 2012.  Starting in 2007, the affected countries participated in an offensive strategy, Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara, with the support of the United States, United Kingdom, and other allies.

Peace Process: No