Philippines

Philippines

 

 

 

 

Full Official Name: Republic of the Philippines

Region: Southeast Asia

Capital: Manila

Population: 100,998,376

Ethnic Groups: Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3%

Languages: Filipino/Tagalog (Official), English (official)

Religions: Catholic 82.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1%

Government: Presidential Constitutional Republic

Legislature: Congress

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A. Moro Conflict

Type of Conflict: Religious

Conventionally Dated Period: 29 March 1969 – Ongoing

Parties Involved:

  • Philippines
    • Supported by the US, Australia, Malaysia, and Indonesia
  • Moro National Liberation Front
  • Rajah Suleyman Movement, Khalifa Islamiyah Mindanao
    • Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Summary:

Starting with the colonization of the Philippines by the Spanish Empire, the Moros have fought hard to resist control by foreign powers.  The Moros, based on Islamic ideals also fought and resisted American and Japanese forces, leading them to declare their intentions for their own Islamic nation.

Nowadays, fighting have been drastically reduced but no peace efforts have been initiated between the two sides.

Peace Progress: No

 

B. CPP-NPA-NDF Rebellion

Type of Conflict: Political

Conventionally Dated Period: 29 March 1969 – Ongoing

Parties Involved:

  • The Philippines
    • Support from the United States
  • Communist Party of the Philippines, National Democratic Front
    • Support from China, Vietnam, and North Korea

Summary:

Essentially a struggle for power between the current government and the communist party.  Even though fighting has not been as extreme as before, the two sides still currently receive support from foreign sources.  Occasional clashes still occur between the two political parties.

Peace Progress: No