Niger

Niger

 

 

 

 

 

 

Full Official Name: Republic of Niger

Region: Western Africa

Capital: Niamey

Population: 18,045,729

Ethnic Groups: Haoussa 55.4%, Djerma Sonrai 21%, Tuareg 9.3%, Peuhl 8.5%, Kanouri Manga 4.7%, other 1.2% (2001 Census)

Languages: French (Official), Hausa, Djerma

Religions: Muslim 80%, other Beliefs incl. Christianity and Indigenous Religions 20%

Government: Semi-Presidential Republic

Legislature: National Assembly

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A. Boko Haram Insurgency

Type of Conflict: Jihadist Conflict

Conventionally Dated Period: 26 July 2009 – Present

Parties Involved:

  • Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, and Niger
    • Supported by United States, Benin, United Kingdom, France, China, Canada, Iran, and Israel
  • Islamic States of Iraq and the Levant
    • Boko Haram
    • Ansaru

Summary:

Within the context of Muslim-Christian conflicts of Western Africa, the Boko Haram insurgency is the most serious out of them all.  Due to the old divisions of colonies such as German Cameroon by European Powers after World War II, now-independent countries in Africa found their sovereign territories to consist of many different ethnic tribes practising many different religions.  The Boko Haram’s conducts were fairly peaceful for the first few years of their existence but changed when the Nigerian government launched an investigation into the group in 2009.  The years 2009-2010 saw many clashes between Boko Haram militants and government army corps.  Boko Haram is known to carry out terrorist actives throughout Nigeria and other countries surrounding it.  Spillovers into Cameroon happened in 2012 and into Chad and Niger since 2015.  Military aid has been received from neighboring countries in attempt to contain and counter the group.  Out of all the countries affected, Nigeria is the most hard hit with an estimated death of more then 20,200 people in 2015.

Peace Process: No