Lebanon

Lebanon

 

 

 

 

 

Full Official Name: Lebanese Republic

Region: Middle East

Capital: Beirut

Population: 6,184,701

Ethnic Groups: Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%

Languages: Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian

Religions: Muslim 54% (27% Sunni, 27% Shia), Christian 40.5%, Druze 5.6%

Government: Parliamentary Multi-Confessionalist Republic

Legislature: Parliament

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A. Syrian Civil War Spillover

Type of Conflict: Spillover from Neighboring Conflict

Conventionally Dated Period: 17 July 2011 – Present

Parties Involved:

  • Anti Syrian Government Forces
    • Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
    • Anti-government Militants
    • Future Movement
      • Support by Saudi Arabia
  • Pro-Syrian Government Forces
    • Hezbollah
      • Support by Syria and Iran
    • Arab Democratic Party
    • Government of Lebanon
      • Support by Saudi Arabia, Russia, France, UK, and the US

Summary:

After the Cedar Revolution in 2005 and the withdrawal of Syrian forces from Lebanese territory, parliamentary bipartisanship has mainly been between pro-Syrian and anti-Syrian factions.  As one of the results from the Syrian Civil War, pro-government and anti-government forces from within Lebanon and neighboring countries started fighting on Lebanese territory.

Peace Process: No