Egypt

EGypt

 

 

 

 

 

Official Full Name: Arab Republic of Egypt

Region: Northern Africa

Capital: Cairo

Population: 88,487,396

Ethnic Groups: Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4%

Languages: Arabic (Official), English and French widely understood by the educated

Religions: Predominantly Sunni Muslim 90%, Majority Coptic Christian 10%

Government: Semi Presidential Republic

Legislature: Currently by Presidential Decree until House of Representatives is elected

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A. Sinai Insurgency

Type of Conflict: Jihadist Rebellion

Conventionally Dated Period: 23 February 2011  – Present

Parties Involved:

  • Egyptian Government
    • Border support from Israel
  • Islamist Militants and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Summary:

After the ousting of ex-President Hosni Mubarak in the 2011 Egyptian Revolution, there was a power vacuum in the government.  Taking advantage of the chaotic situation, local Bedouin tribesmen who proclaimed to be Islamic radicals started attacks in the Sinai Peninsula.  Terrorist attacks carried out by the Islamic militants included suicide bombings and beheading of Coptic Christians.  It was also noted that the Islamic militants were receiving support and weaponry from the Hamas in the Gaza Strip.  In an effort to stop the support, the new Egyptian president has pledged  to build a buffer zone in the area to cut the Sinai Peninsula off from the Gaza Strip.  Counter-attacks have also been conducted by the Israeli military near the border and saw close cooperation between the Egyptian and Israeli governments.  On 10 November 2014, the leader of the Islamic Militant Group Ansar Bait al-Maqdis pledged allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, unilaterally forming the “Sinai Province.”

Peace Process: No