Expert Paper: ‘After ETA? Catalonia, Euskadi and the Spanish Constitution’

Written by Ned Thomas, this expert paper aims to examine and compare the sources of conflict and processes of negotiation and conflict resolution within the Spanish state in relation to the autonomous communities of Catalonia and Euskadi – roughly from the death of Franco in 1975 up to the 2012 elections in both these communities. While the years of armed conflict between ETA and the Spanish state in the Basque Country contrast with the negotiated evolution of Catalan autonomy, the end of armed conflict now allows us also to perceive elements of underlying similarity and convergence.

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