Conflicts in Africa

Tunisia

            Full Official Name: Republic of Tunisia Region: Northern Africa Capital: Tunis Population: 11,037,225 Ethnic Groups: Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1% Languages: Arabic (Official), French, and Berber Religions: Sunni Muslim Government: Unicameral Parliamentary Republic Legislature: Assembly of the Representatives of the People _____ A. Insurgency in the Maghreb Type […]

Mozambique

            Full Official Name: Republic of Mozambique Region: Southeastern Africa Capital: Maputo Ethnic Groups: Southeast African 99.66% (Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08% Languages: Emakhuwa 25.3%, Portuguese (official) 10.7%, Xichangana 10.3%, Cisena 7.5%, Elomwe 7%, Echuwabo 5.1%, other Mozambican languages 30.1%, other 4% Religions: Roman Catholic 28.4%, […]

Ethiopia

          Official Full Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Region: Eastern Africa Capital: Addis Ababa Population: 99,465,819 Ethnic Groups: Oromo 34.4%, Amhara (Amara) 27%, Somali (Somalie) 6.2%, Tigray (Tigrinya) 6.1%, Sidama 4%, Gurage 2.5%, Welaita 2.3%, Hadiya 1.7%, Afar (Affar) 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Silte 1.3%, Kefficho 1.2%, other 10.5% Languages: Oromo 33.8%, […]

Eritrea

          Full Official Name: State of Eritrea Region: Eastern Africa Capital: Asmara Population: 6,527,689 Ethnic Groups: Tigrinya 55%, Tigre 30%, Saho 4%, Kunama 2%, Rashaida 2%, Bilen 2%, other 5% Languages: Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages Religions: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant Government: Single Party Presidential Republic […]

Mali

          Official Full Name: Republic of Mali Region: Western Africa Capital: Bamako Population: 16,955,536 Ethnic Groups: Mande 50%, Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5% Languages: French (official), Bambara 46.3%, Peul/foulfoulbe 9.4%, Dogon 7.2%, Maraka/soninke 6.4%, Malinke 5.6%, Sonrhai/djerma 5.6%, Minianka 4.3%, Tamacheq 3.5%, Senoufo 2.6%, unspecified 0.6%, other […]

Burundi

        Full Official Name: Republic of Burundi Region: Central Africa Capital: Bujumbura Population: 10,742,276 Ethnic Groups: Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000 Languages: Kirundi 38.8% (official), French (official) 0.3%, Swahili 0.2%, English 0.06%, unspecified 60.6% Religions: Catholic 62.1%, Protestant 23.9%, Muslim 2.5%, other 3.6%, unspecified 7.9% Government: Presidential […]

Libya

        Official Full Name: Libya Region: Northern Africa Capital: Tripoli Population: 6,411,776 Ethnic Groups: Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% Languages: Arabic (official), Italian, English, Berber (Nafusi, Ghadamis, Suknah, Awjilah, Tamasheq) Religions: Sunni Muslim (Official) 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, Buddhist 0.3% Government: Provisional Parliamentary Republic Legislature: Council of Deputies _____ A. Libyan Civil War (2014 – Present) Type […]

Egypt

          Official Full Name: Arab Republic of Egypt Region: Northern Africa Capital: Cairo Population: 88,487,396 Ethnic Groups: Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% Languages: Arabic (Official), English and French widely understood by the educated Religions: Predominantly Sunni Muslim 90%, Majority Coptic Christian 10% Government: Semi Presidential Republic Legislature: Currently by Presidential Decree until House of Representatives […]

Chad

          Full Official Name: Republic of Chad Region: Central Africa Capital: N’Djamena Population: 11,631,456 Ethnic Groups: Sara 27.7%, Arab 12.3%, Mayo-Kebbi 11.5%, Kanem-Bornou 9%, Ouaddai 8.7%, Hadjarai 6.7%, Tandjile 6.5%, Gorane 6.3%, Fitri-Batha 4.7%, other 6.4%, unknown 0.3% (1993 Census) Languages: French (Official), Arabic (Official), Sara, and other regional languages Religions: Muslim 53.1%, Catholic […]

Niger

            Full Official Name: Republic of Niger Region: Western Africa Capital: Niamey Population: 18,045,729 Ethnic Groups: Haoussa 55.4%, Djerma Sonrai 21%, Tuareg 9.3%, Peuhl 8.5%, Kanouri Manga 4.7%, other 1.2% (2001 Census) Languages: French (Official), Hausa, Djerma Religions: Muslim 80%, other Beliefs incl. Christianity and Indigenous Religions 20% Government: Semi-Presidential Republic Legislature: National Assembly […]

Cameroon

          Full Official Name: Republic of Cameroon Region: Central Africa Capital: Yaoundé Population: 23,739,218 Ethnic Groups: Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1% Languages: English (Official), French (Official), other Major African Language Groups Religions: Indigenous beliefs 40%, […]

Nigeria

        Full Official Name: Federal Republic of Nigeria Region: Western Africa Capital: Abuja Population: 181,562,056 Ethnic Groups: More than 250 ethnic groups. Largest and most influential are Hausa and the Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5% Languages: English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, and other […]

Sudan

        Full Official Name: Republic of the Sudan Region: Northeastern Africa Capital: Khartoum Population: 36,108,853 Ethnic Groups: Sudanese Arab, Fur, Beja, Nuba, and Fallata Religions: Sunni Muslim, Christian Minority Government: Federal Presidential Republic Legislature: National Legislature _____ A. War in Darfur Type of Conflict: Rebel Secession Conventionally Dated Period: 26 February 2003 – Present […]

Algeria

          Official Full Name: People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria Region: Northern Africa Capital: Algiers Population: 39,542,166 Ethnic Groups: Arab-Berber 99%, European 1% Languages: Arabic (Official), French, Berber Dialects Religions: Sunni Muslim, Various Christians Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic Legislature: Parliament of Algeria _____ A. Insurgency in the Maghreb Type of Conflict: Fundamentalist Religious […]

DR Congo

          Official Full Name: Democratic Republic of the Congo Region: Central Africa Capital: Kinshasa Population: 79,375,136 Ethnic Groups: There are more than 200 ethnic groups in which the four largest are the Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande Languages: French (Official), Lingala, Kingwana, Kikongo, Tshiluba Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Kimbanguist, Muslim Government: […]

Central African Republic

          Official Full Name: Central African Republic Region: Central Africa Capital: Bangui Population: 5,391,539 Ethnic Groups: Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M’Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2% Languages: French (Official), Sangho, Local Tribal Languages Religions: Indigenous Beliefs, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Muslim Government: Republic Legislature: Assemblée Nationale _____ A. […]

South Sudan

          Official Full Name: Republic of South Sudan Region: Eastern-Central Africa Capital: Juba Population: 12,042,910 Ethnic Groups: 35.8% Dinka, 15.6% Nuer, 48.6% Shilluk, Azande, Bari, Kakwa, Kuku, Murle, Mandari, and other local tribes. Languages: English (Official), Arabic, and Regional Languages Religions: Animist, Christian Government: Republic Legislature: National Legislature _____ A. South Sudanese Civil War Type of […]

Somalia

          Official Full Name: Federal Republic of Somalia Region: Eastern Africa Capital: Mogadishu Population: 10,616,380 Ethnic Groups: 85% Somali, 15% Bantu and other non-Somali Languages: Somali (Official), Arabic (Official), Italian, English Religions: Sunni Islam Government: Federal Parliamentary Republic (currently under establishment) Legislature: Golaha Shacabka Soomaaliya _____ A. War in Somalia Type of […]