World Conflict Database

Tunisia

            Full Official Name: Republic of Tunisia Region: Northern Africa Capital: Tunis Population: 11,037,225 Ethnic Groups: Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1% Languages: Arabic (Official), French, and Berber Religions: Sunni Muslim Government: Unicameral Parliamentary Republic Legislature: Assembly of the Representatives of the People _____ A. Insurgency in the Maghreb Type […]

Russia

          Full Official Name: Russian Federation Region: Eastern Europe Capital: Moscow Population: 142,423,773 Ethnic Groups: Russian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9% Languages: Russian (official) 96.3%, Dolgang 5.3%, German 1.5%, Chechen 1%, Tatar 3%, other 10.3% Religions: Russian Orthodox, Muslim, other Christian Government: Federal Semi-Presidential Constitutional […]

Ukraine

          Full Official Name: Ukraine Region: Eastern Europe Capital: Kiev Population: 44,429,471 Ethnic Groups: Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% Languages: Ukrainian (official) 67.5%, Russian 29.6%, other 2.9% Religions: Orthodox, Ukrainian Orthodox – Kyiv Patriarchate (UOC-KP), Ukrainian Orthodox […]

Mexico

          Full Official Name: United Mexican States Region: North America Capital: Mexico City Population: 121,736,809 Ethnic Groups: Mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 62%, predominantly Amerindian 21%, Amerindian 7%, other 10% Languages: Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8% Religions: Roman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah’s Witnesses 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, […]

Philippines

        Full Official Name: Republic of the Philippines Region: Southeast Asia Capital: Manila Population: 100,998,376 Ethnic Groups: Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% Languages: Filipino/Tagalog (Official), English (official) Religions: Catholic 82.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified […]

Myanmar

          Official Full Name: Union of Myanmar Region: Southeast Asia Capital: Naypyidaw Population: 56,320,206 Ethnic Groups: Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5% Languages: Burmese (official) Religions: Buddhist 89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Muslim 4%, Animist 1%, other 2% Government: Presidential Republic Legislature: […]

Thailand

          Official Full Name: Kingdom of Thailand Region: Southeast Asia Capital: Bangkok Population: 67,976,405 Ethnic Groups: Thai 95.9%, Burmese 2%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.9% Languages: Thai (official) 90.7%, Burmese 1.3%, other 8% Religions: Buddhist (official) 93.6%, Muslim 4.9%, Christian 1.2%, other 0.2%, none 0.1% Government: Constitutional Monarchy Under Military Junta Legislature: National Assembly (Currently Dissolved) […]

India

          Official Full Name: Republic of India Region: South Asia Capital: New Delhi Population: 1,251,695,584 Ethnic Groups: Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% Languages: Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9% […]

Pakistan

        Official Full Name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan Region: South Asia Capital: Islamabad Population: 199,085,847 Ethnic Groups: Punjabi 44.68%, Pashtun 15.42%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.38%, Muhajirs 7.57%, Balochi 3.57%, other 6.28% Languages: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki 10%, Pashto 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English, Burushaski, and other 8% Religions: Muslim […]

Afghanistan

          Official Full Name: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Region: Asia Capital: Kabul Population: 32,564,342 Ethnic Groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, other Languages: Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4% Religions: Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, other 1% Government: […]

Iran

          Official Name: Islamic Republic of Iran Region: Middle East Capital: Tehran Population: 81,824,270 Ethnic Groups: Persian, Azeri, Kurd, Lur, Baloch, Arab, Turkmen and Turkic tribes Languages: Persian (official), Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects, Kurdish, Gilaki and Mazandarani, Luri, Balochi, Arabic, other Religions: Muslim (official) 99.4% (Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, and […]

Yemen

          Official Full Name: Republic of Yemen Region: Middle East Capital: Sana’a (de jure, Occupied by Houthi Government) Aden (Provisional) Population: 26,737,317 Ethnic Groups: Predominantly Arabs, but also South-Asians, Afro-Arabs, and Europeans Languages: Arabic (Official) Religions: Muslim 99.1% (official; virtually all are citizens, an estimated 65% are Sunni and 35% are Shia), other […]

Iraq

          Full Official Name: Republic of Iraq Region: Middle East Capital: Baghdad Population: 37,056,169 Ethnic Groups: Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian, or other 5% Languages: Arabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen, and Assyrian, Armenian Religions: Muslim (official) 99% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian 0.8%, Other 0.2% Government: Federal Parliamentary Republic Legislature: Council of Representatives _____ […]

Lebanon

          Full Official Name: Lebanese Republic Region: Middle East Capital: Beirut Population: 6,184,701 Ethnic Groups: Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1% Languages: Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian Religions: Muslim 54% (27% Sunni, 27% Shia), Christian 40.5%, Druze 5.6% Government: Parliamentary Multi-Confessionalist Republic Legislature: Parliament _____ A. Syrian Civil War Spillover Type of Conflict: Spillover from […]

Israel and Palestine

                  Full Official Name: State of Israel (Top Flag) State of Palestine (Bottom Flag) Region: Middle East Capital: Israel [West Jerusalem (de jure) Tel Aviv (de facto)]; Palestine [East Jerusalem (de jure) Ramallah (de facto)] Population: 8,049,314 Ethnic Groups: Israel [Jewish 75%, non-Jewish 25%]; Palestine [Palestinian Majority] Languages: […]

Syria

          Full Official Name: Syrian Arab Republic Region: Middle East Capital: Damascus Population: 17,064,854 Ethnic Groups: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenian, and other 9.7% Languages: Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian,  French, English Religions: Muslim 87% (official; includes Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%), Christian 10%, Druze 3% Government: Semi-Presidential Republic Legislature: People’s Council […]

Turkey

          Official Full Name: Republic of Turkey Region: Middle East Capital: Ankara Population: 79,414,269 Ethnic Groups: Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 18%, other minorities 7-12% Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages Religions: Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (Christians and Jews) Government: Parliamentary Constitutional Republic Legislature: Grand National Assembly _____ A. Turkey-PKK Conflict Type of […]

Mozambique

            Full Official Name: Republic of Mozambique Region: Southeastern Africa Capital: Maputo Ethnic Groups: Southeast African 99.66% (Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08% Languages: Emakhuwa 25.3%, Portuguese (official) 10.7%, Xichangana 10.3%, Cisena 7.5%, Elomwe 7%, Echuwabo 5.1%, other Mozambican languages 30.1%, other 4% Religions: Roman Catholic 28.4%, […]

Ethiopia

          Official Full Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Region: Eastern Africa Capital: Addis Ababa Population: 99,465,819 Ethnic Groups: Oromo 34.4%, Amhara (Amara) 27%, Somali (Somalie) 6.2%, Tigray (Tigrinya) 6.1%, Sidama 4%, Gurage 2.5%, Welaita 2.3%, Hadiya 1.7%, Afar (Affar) 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Silte 1.3%, Kefficho 1.2%, other 10.5% Languages: Oromo 33.8%, […]

Eritrea

          Full Official Name: State of Eritrea Region: Eastern Africa Capital: Asmara Population: 6,527,689 Ethnic Groups: Tigrinya 55%, Tigre 30%, Saho 4%, Kunama 2%, Rashaida 2%, Bilen 2%, other 5% Languages: Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages Religions: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant Government: Single Party Presidential Republic […]

Mali

          Official Full Name: Republic of Mali Region: Western Africa Capital: Bamako Population: 16,955,536 Ethnic Groups: Mande 50%, Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5% Languages: French (official), Bambara 46.3%, Peul/foulfoulbe 9.4%, Dogon 7.2%, Maraka/soninke 6.4%, Malinke 5.6%, Sonrhai/djerma 5.6%, Minianka 4.3%, Tamacheq 3.5%, Senoufo 2.6%, unspecified 0.6%, other […]

Burundi

        Full Official Name: Republic of Burundi Region: Central Africa Capital: Bujumbura Population: 10,742,276 Ethnic Groups: Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000 Languages: Kirundi 38.8% (official), French (official) 0.3%, Swahili 0.2%, English 0.06%, unspecified 60.6% Religions: Catholic 62.1%, Protestant 23.9%, Muslim 2.5%, other 3.6%, unspecified 7.9% Government: Presidential […]

Libya

        Official Full Name: Libya Region: Northern Africa Capital: Tripoli Population: 6,411,776 Ethnic Groups: Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% Languages: Arabic (official), Italian, English, Berber (Nafusi, Ghadamis, Suknah, Awjilah, Tamasheq) Religions: Sunni Muslim (Official) 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, Buddhist 0.3% Government: Provisional Parliamentary Republic Legislature: Council of Deputies _____ A. Libyan Civil War (2014 – Present) Type […]

Egypt

          Official Full Name: Arab Republic of Egypt Region: Northern Africa Capital: Cairo Population: 88,487,396 Ethnic Groups: Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% Languages: Arabic (Official), English and French widely understood by the educated Religions: Predominantly Sunni Muslim 90%, Majority Coptic Christian 10% Government: Semi Presidential Republic Legislature: Currently by Presidential Decree until House of Representatives […]

Chad

          Full Official Name: Republic of Chad Region: Central Africa Capital: N’Djamena Population: 11,631,456 Ethnic Groups: Sara 27.7%, Arab 12.3%, Mayo-Kebbi 11.5%, Kanem-Bornou 9%, Ouaddai 8.7%, Hadjarai 6.7%, Tandjile 6.5%, Gorane 6.3%, Fitri-Batha 4.7%, other 6.4%, unknown 0.3% (1993 Census) Languages: French (Official), Arabic (Official), Sara, and other regional languages Religions: Muslim 53.1%, Catholic […]

Niger

            Full Official Name: Republic of Niger Region: Western Africa Capital: Niamey Population: 18,045,729 Ethnic Groups: Haoussa 55.4%, Djerma Sonrai 21%, Tuareg 9.3%, Peuhl 8.5%, Kanouri Manga 4.7%, other 1.2% (2001 Census) Languages: French (Official), Hausa, Djerma Religions: Muslim 80%, other Beliefs incl. Christianity and Indigenous Religions 20% Government: Semi-Presidential Republic Legislature: National Assembly […]

Cameroon

          Full Official Name: Republic of Cameroon Region: Central Africa Capital: Yaoundé Population: 23,739,218 Ethnic Groups: Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1% Languages: English (Official), French (Official), other Major African Language Groups Religions: Indigenous beliefs 40%, […]

Nigeria

        Full Official Name: Federal Republic of Nigeria Region: Western Africa Capital: Abuja Population: 181,562,056 Ethnic Groups: More than 250 ethnic groups. Largest and most influential are Hausa and the Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5% Languages: English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, and other […]

Sudan

        Full Official Name: Republic of the Sudan Region: Northeastern Africa Capital: Khartoum Population: 36,108,853 Ethnic Groups: Sudanese Arab, Fur, Beja, Nuba, and Fallata Religions: Sunni Muslim, Christian Minority Government: Federal Presidential Republic Legislature: National Legislature _____ A. War in Darfur Type of Conflict: Rebel Secession Conventionally Dated Period: 26 February 2003 – Present […]

Algeria

          Official Full Name: People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria Region: Northern Africa Capital: Algiers Population: 39,542,166 Ethnic Groups: Arab-Berber 99%, European 1% Languages: Arabic (Official), French, Berber Dialects Religions: Sunni Muslim, Various Christians Government: Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic Legislature: Parliament of Algeria _____ A. Insurgency in the Maghreb Type of Conflict: Fundamentalist Religious […]

DR Congo

          Official Full Name: Democratic Republic of the Congo Region: Central Africa Capital: Kinshasa Population: 79,375,136 Ethnic Groups: There are more than 200 ethnic groups in which the four largest are the Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande Languages: French (Official), Lingala, Kingwana, Kikongo, Tshiluba Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Kimbanguist, Muslim Government: […]

Central African Republic

          Official Full Name: Central African Republic Region: Central Africa Capital: Bangui Population: 5,391,539 Ethnic Groups: Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M’Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2% Languages: French (Official), Sangho, Local Tribal Languages Religions: Indigenous Beliefs, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Muslim Government: Republic Legislature: Assemblée Nationale _____ A. […]

South Sudan

          Official Full Name: Republic of South Sudan Region: Eastern-Central Africa Capital: Juba Population: 12,042,910 Ethnic Groups: 35.8% Dinka, 15.6% Nuer, 48.6% Shilluk, Azande, Bari, Kakwa, Kuku, Murle, Mandari, and other local tribes. Languages: English (Official), Arabic, and Regional Languages Religions: Animist, Christian Government: Republic Legislature: National Legislature _____ A. South Sudanese Civil War Type of […]

Somalia

          Official Full Name: Federal Republic of Somalia Region: Eastern Africa Capital: Mogadishu Population: 10,616,380 Ethnic Groups: 85% Somali, 15% Bantu and other non-Somali Languages: Somali (Official), Arabic (Official), Italian, English Religions: Sunni Islam Government: Federal Parliamentary Republic (currently under establishment) Legislature: Golaha Shacabka Soomaaliya _____ A. War in Somalia Type of […]