Research

Analysis by Sevtap Yokuş: TÜRKİYE’DE 2017 ANAYASA DEĞİŞİKLİKLERİ VE ÇÖZÜM SÜRECİ

Türkçesini İndir [PDF] English Translation [PDF] Constitutional Amendments in Turkey 2017 and the process of resolution

Assessment report by Ali Bayramoğlu: Turkey’s new political paradigm and the Kurdish question

This analysis of the new political paradigm in Turkey was
prepared for the Democratic Progress Institute (DPI) by prominent
writer, columnist, and Member of Turkey’s wise persons’
commission, Ali Bayramoğlu. It presents the author’s assessment of
the shifting political sands and analysis of the current political
situation.

New Assessment by Ali Bayramoğlu: As Tensions Mount in Kurdish Politics

This is an assessment report of recent events in Turkey by Ali Bayramoğlu. It contributes to DPI’s ongoing evaluation of on-the-ground situation in Turkey and is one of a number of assessments on the topic of the Kurdish Question, undertaken by experts both in the region and internationally.

Security Sector Reform in Transitioning Environments: Potential and Challenges to Peace-building and Post-Conflict Transformation

This paper focuses on one of the first and most important stages in peace-building and post-conflict transitional processes, namely Security Sector Reform. It does so by highlighting the importance of reshaping the security sector in order to build sustainable peace and development in the long-term, as well as stressing the need for a proper implementation of these processes to promote grassroots reconciliation and capacity building.

Getting a peace process back on track after a crisis

This paper assesses common types of crises encountered during a peace process, the challenges actors have faced and how they overcame them. Download Here [PDF]

New Assessment by Ali Bayramoğlu: The Latest Situation on the Kurdish Front, Autumn 2015 – 2016

This is an assessment report of recent events in Turkey by Ali Bayramoğlu. It contributes to DPI’s ongoing evaluation of on-the-ground situation in Turkey and is one of a number of assessments on the topic of the Kurdish Question, undertaken by experts both in the region and internationally.   Download Here [PDF] Türkçesini İndir [PDF]

The experiences of Scottish Devolution

The UK and in particular the case of Scotland, continues to provide a useful case study on questions of governance, presenting numerous topics in relation to power sharing and devolution processes. This paper is a continuation of DPI’s previous studies in this area, and presents an updated account of recent events within Scotland’s political landscape. […]

DPI Briefing Note: Catalonia – from 2012 to 2016

The case of Spain and Catalonia demonstrates the challenges and complex questions presented by decentralisation processes, which can be an important means by which to enhance democracy and to protect and promote the diverse cultural, economic and geographical rights and interests of different groups within a State. This paper outlines the current context in Catalonia […]

The role of European Union accession in democratisation processes

This paper presents the achievements, challenges and toolbox of the European Union in the field of democratisation. By giving an overview of the European Union’s multi-faceted approach to democracy promotion, this paper puts forward the capacity of the European Union to act as a ‘normative power’. This paper forms part of DPI’s ongoing research on […]

The Syrian Refugee Crisis: Refugees, Conflict, and International Law

This research paper is the result of a collaboration between DPI and Al Marsad, an independent human rights organisation with a history of engagement with refugee issues, and with whom this research paper was co-written. The paper seeks to provide readers with a comprehensive understanding of the current refugee movement crisis with a specific focus […]

DPI Briefing Note: Colombia Peace Talks with the ELN

This briefing note gives a background of the ELN in the context of conflict in Colombia and identifies the issues to be discussed in peace negotiations with the Colombian Government. Download Here [PDF] Türkçesini İndir [PDF]

DPI Briefing Note: Current Peace Process in Colombia

This brief provides a background to the Colombian conflict and an overview of the peace negotiations currently taking place between the Colombian government and the FARC.   Download Here [PDF] Türkçesini İndir [PDF]

DPI Briefing Note: A Fresh Start for Northern Ireland

This briefing note provides an overview of the events which led to new peace negotiations in September through November 2015 and the resulting ‘Fresh Start’ agreement.   Download here [PDF] Türkçesini İndir [PDF]

Counter-Terrorism Measures in Internal Armed Conflicts: the Obligations from International Law

This legal briefing paper sets out the applicability of international obligations to situations of counter-terrorism or military operations in internal armed conflicts, and addresses some of the key issues arising in this complex area of international human rights law. Download Here: Counter Terrorism in Internal Armed Conflicts [PDF]

DPI Briefing Paper – Minority Culture, Language and Identity in Conflict

This briefing paper outlines common ways in which issues of minority language, identity, and culture affect conflict.   Download Here: Minority Culture Language and Identity in Conflict [PDF]

The Role of Civil Society in the Basque Country Peace Process

This report analyses the different organisations within Basque civil society and their roles in a conflict which has been referred to as the last armed struggle within modern Europe.   Download Here: Civil Society in Basque Country [PDF]

DDR and Former Female Combatants

This paper forms part of DPI’s ongoing research programmes in the areas of DDR and the gendered effects of conflict, and examines key themes and lessons learned from recent DDR experiences internationally.   Download Here: DDR and Female Combatants [PDF]  

DPI Briefing Note – Child Soldiers and International Law

The following Brief by DPI outlines the obligations presented by international law in regard to child soldiers, as well as some of the policy issues to be addressed in this area.   Download Here: Child Soldiers Brief [PDF]

DPI Guest Lecture and Information Brief on New Media and its role in democratic transition process

DPI this week held a guest lecture on the topic of New Media and its role in democratic transition processes, with an Egyptian activist and researcher speaking on the topic. The following short briefing paper looks at the way in which the relatively new phenomenon of New Media has been observed to play a pivotal […]

Conflict Resolution in the Philippines and Debate on Basic Law – Sevtap Yokuş

This report, published in both English and Turkish languages, is an account by DPI participant Professor Dr. Sevtap Yokuş of the Philippines experience of conflict resolution, following on from DPI’s visit to Manila and Mindanao in 2015.   Download Here [PDF] Türkçesini İndir [PDF]

DPI welcomes UN Security Council Resolution 2250 on Youth, Peace and Security

DPI welcomes the United Nations Security Council’s unanimous adoption of Resolution 2250 on Youth, Peace, and Security on 9 December 2015, and considers it a significant step forward in the field of conflict transformation and peacebuilding. The following is a brief summarising the content and significance of this important Resolution. Download Here [PDF]

Resolution of Turkey’s Kurdish Question: A Process in Crisis, 2015

Through focusing on the events of the latter half of 2015, the purpose of this report by Dr Edel Hughes, is to problematize the reasons for the current suspension of the process and assess the prospects for a return to dialogue. This forms part of DPI’s ongoing assessment of events in the region from diverse […]

The Process of Resolution: from Politics to Arms

This is an assessment report (available in English, Turkish and Kurdish languages) of recent events in Turkey by Ali Bayramoğlu.  It contributes to DPI’s ongoing evaluation of on-the-ground situation in Turkey with regard to the Kurdish resolution process. It is one of a number of assessments on this topic, undertaken by experts both in the […]

DPI Legal Factsheet: Conflict Related Gender Based Rights

Our most recent factsheet on ‘Conflict Related Gender Based Rights’ which we have published to coincide with the upcoming , 15 year, anniversary of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security (31 October 2015).

The factsheet outlines what gender based rights are, how they are relevant to conflict and why there is an imperative need to implement existing rights as well as formulate new ones. We hope the factsheet serves as a refresher of the law on this area and encourages further research and investigation.

Process of Resolution: Gains and Dangers

This is an assessment report of recent events in Turkey by Vahap Coşkun.  It contributes to DPI’s ongoing evaluation of on-the-ground situation in Turkey with regard to the Kurdish resolution process. It is one of a number of assessments on this topic, undertaken by experts both in the region and internationally. Download Here [PDF] Download […]

DPI Briefing Note – Political Crisis: Northern Ireland Executive

The following Briefing Note provides an overview of recent events in Northern Ireland regarding the Power Sharing Executive: Briefing Note – Political Crisis: Northern Ireland Executive

Degrees of Governance: A Study of the Decentralisation of States in Enabling Democratic Progress

The decentralisation and devolution of governance in post-conflict states can prove to be essential in maintaining a lasting peace and developing democratic practices. This paper examines the ways in which devolved regions across the world use different methods in order to build peace in post-conflict societies and to create democratic institutions and practices.   Download […]

Language Policy in Conflict Resolution

This paper, by renowned expert in the area of minority languages, Professor Ned Thomas, offers three concise case-studies of very different situations within Europe where the measures adopted in respect of language have had some success in bringing an end to conflict and preventing its recurrence.   Download Here [PDF]

Legacies of Silence: The Role of Civil Society in Truth-telling, Memory and Reconciliation

In recent years, truth commissions have increasingly become a standard component of conflict resolution and help play an essential role in clarifying history and contributing to a culture of accountability. Focusing on case studies in Lebanon and Guatemala, this report explores the role civil society can play in engaging with the past in post conflict situations. […]

Philippines Peace Process- An Update From 2012-2015

This annex seeks to provide an update from the paper ‘Prospects and Problems for Peace in the Southern Philippines’ by the Democratic Progress Institute. It aims to showcase what has happened in relation to the peace process since 2012 and will be split into two parts: the first part detailing the aspects and challenges of […]

The Role of Transitional Justice and Access to Justice in Conflict Resolution and Democratic Advancement

This paper analyses the manner in which the subjects of transitional justice and access to justice are interlinked and can develop together as a means of achieving democratic advancement, and of facilitating sustained conflict resolution.   MOSCATI_TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE-Proof

The process of Resolution from the Kobani Incidents to the June Elections

This assessment by Ali Bayramoğlu outlines the author’s perspectives on the development of the solution process in Turkey over recent months, focusing on the challenges faced in relation to the resolution of the Kurdish conflict since events in Kobane in 2014, and projecting likely developments in advance of the 2015 elections. This assessment is part […]

DPI Turkey ‘On the Ground’ Assessment September – December 2014

This assessment forms part of the Democratic Progress Institute’s (DPI) Turkey program me.  It aims to evaluate the process underway in Turkey, regarding the resolution of the Kurdish conflict, and focuses on key developments on the ground from September – December 2014. There is a particular focus given to recent events relating to Kobane and […]

DPI Legal Factsheet: INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS IN ARMED CONFLICTS

This brief considers the application of human rights in the theatre of war. The sources of international human rights law relevant to armed conflict are highlighted and compared with international humanitarian law. In evaluation, the practicalities of implementation of international law are assessed.

A Study into the Ways to Better Incorporate Women into Peacebuilding and Conflict Resolution Through the Implementation of UNSCR 1325

Women are crucial stakeholders in peacebuilding and democratic reform and yet they are too often sidelined because of entrenched gender biases that continues to uphold gendered socio-cultural inequalities. This is despite the united nations security council resolution 1325 which was passed unanimously in the year 2000. As a result, this working paper examines the role resolution 1325 has had in peacebuilding as well as women’s past exclusion from peacebuilding processes in various countries. It further posits some methods available to states to ensure women’s effective and adequate participation within negotiations and constitution drafting, as it is important to work towards women’s increased topical representation within constitutions, parliamentary politics, and within all levels of state.

DPI Legal Factsheet: SEXUAL AND GENDER BASED VIOLENCE IN CONFLICT

This brief aims to answer key questions relating to sexual and gender based violence in conflict. It also examines key international legal instruments available in this area, and explores mechanisms for their implementation.

The Belfast Project: An Overview. Peace, Justice and Oral History

This report provides an overview of the Belfast Project, an oral history project conducted by researchers at Boston College with former combatants from the Northern Ireland Conflict. It discusses the implications that this project has had for peace and justice in Northern Ireland and for similar oral history research elsewhere.

New Political Equilibrium and The Kurdish Question

This assessment by Ali Bayramoğlu outlines the author’s perspectives on the evolution of the solution process in Turkey over recent years and evaluates the current challenges faced in relation to the resolution of the Kurdish conflict. This assessment is part of DPI’s continuous evaluation of the situation in Turkey in relation to the Kurdish resolution. It forms part of a series of assessments on this topic, undertaken by various experts, both nationally and internationally.

DPI Turkey ‘On the Ground’ Assessment January – September 2014

This assessment forms part of the Democratic Progress Institute’s (DPI) Turkey programme. It aims to evaluate the process underway in Turkey, regarding the resolution of the Kurdish conflict, and focuses on key developments on the ground this year.

Briefing: International Contact Group for the Southern Philippines Peace Process

This paper forms part of DPI’s research series examining the Southern Philippines peace process. It aims to provide an overview of the role of the International Contact Group, the first ever formal hybrid mediation support initiative of its kind; developed over 15 years of negotiations in the Philippines and bringing together various NGOs and diplomats. The ICG was established in […]

The Experiences of Scottish Devolution: Constitutional Debate up to the 2014 Independence Referendum

This paper explores the Constitutional debate currently underway in the United Kingdom, in the run up to Scotland’s forthcoming referendum on independence. It forms part of DPI’s wider research into questions of devolution and governance models and their impact on democracy. Download Here [PDF]

Makers or Breakers of Peace: The Role of Diasporas in Conflict Resolution

Last year, DPI published a report which aimed to present the perspectives of Turkey’s diaspora communities in relation to recent developments in Turkey, focusing in particular issues of language rights and constitutional reform and examining the role that diaspora can play in the resolution of the Kurdish Conflict in Turkey. The focus of this paper is also the role that […]

Turkey’s Kurdish Conflict: An Assessment of the Current Process

This report aims to present an examination of the current process that is taking place in Turkey, regarding the resolution of the Kurdish Conflict. Numerous individuals and organisations were met with in various regions throughout Turkey and elsewhere, to try to discern public perceptions of recent events in Turkey, commonly referred to as the ‘process’. […]

A Practical Analysis of Governance Models

Democracy plays a crucial role in post-conflict societies and most societies emerging from conflict adopt some form of democratic government. This paper demonstrates that even though differences in societies and patterns of conflict pose complex challenges for the post-conflict reconstruction,democratic governance can lead to long-term reconciliation of parties in conflict by transferring the fight to the halls of politics.

Political Representation: A Method of Conflict Resolution and a Process of Democratic Progress

This paper considers three case studies and the different political structures that Bolivia, South Africa and Sri Lanka have in place, in order to provide examples of both positive and less effective methods of ensuring political representation. In doing so, this paper aims to demonstrate the way in which greater political representation can lead to a successful resolution of conflict and/or help to assist democratic progress more generally.

Turkey’s Current ‘Process’: Views from the Diaspora – November 2013

As part of DPI’s larger project outlining perceptions of the current  ‘process’ in Turkey, it has sought to engage with groups representing the views of the Kurdish and Turkish diaspora in Europe. This report aims to present the perspectives of these diaspora communities in relation to recent developments in Turkey, focusing in particular on key issues of […]

A Pot Pourri of Civil Society Action for Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding

This paper by DPI Council of Experts Member and a Founder of the Northern Ireland Women’s Coalition, Avila Kilmurray, presents the ways in which Civil Society interventions can promote peace-building and conflict transformation, drawing on the experience of Northern Ireland. This paper was presented during DPI’s roundtable on the Role of Civil Society in Conflict Resolution, which took place in Istanbul in April 2013, and during which Avila Kilmurray was a speaker.

The Good Friday Agreement – Prisoner Release Processes

This paper examines the contentious issue of prisoner releases in relation to the Good Friday Agreement’s discharge mechanisms, providing analysis of repercussions in a wider context and examining the perspectives of prisoners and those of the wider community.

The Good Friday Agreement – An Overview

The paper summarizes and analyses the Good Friday Agreement as a centrepiece of the Northern Irish conflict resolution process. It offers an overview of the main actors, negotiations and agreements as well as presenting observations and lessons learned from the process.

Political Violence and the Nascent Peace Process in Colombia

This paper provides a comprehensive background on the Colombian peace process and identifies key elements necessary to improve the chances of a successful resolution to the conflict.

Enabling Minority Languages

This paper argues that the placing of minority languages within a comparative framework and a wider context of cultural diversity has become more relevant within a globalising economy, and that the earlier European experience deserves revisiting and may call for some rethinking by majorities and minorities of the way they think of each other.

Incorporating Women into Peacebuilding and Democratic Reform

Women are crucial stakeholders in peacebuilding and democratic reform and yet they are too often sidelined because of entrenched gender biases. This working paper examines women’s past exclusion from peacebuilding processes in various countries and posits some methods available to states to ensure women’s effective and adequate participation within negotiations and constitution drafting, as well as […]

Briefing Paper: Prospects and Problems for Peace in the Southern Philippines

This paper aims to examine and compare the sources of conflict and processes of negotiation and conflict resolution within the southern Philippines in relation to the communities and insurgent groups in Muslim areas of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago.

After ETA? Catalonia, Euskadi and the Spanish Constitution

This paper aims to examine and compare the sources of conflict and processes of negotiation and conflict resolution within the Spanish state in relation to the autonomous communities of Catalonia and Euskadi – roughly from the death of Franco in 1975 up to the 2012 elections in both these communities. While the years of armed conflict between ETA and the […]

Turkey’s Dual Challenge: The Kurdish Question and Syria

This paper considers two major issues currently faced by Turkey: that of the Kurdish Question and that of the Syrian predicament.

Civil Society Mediation in Conflict Resolution

Civil society can play a crucial role in all aspects of conflict resolution, including mediation, and yet they are often not provided with the opportunities to do so within official, government-led peace processes. This working paper examines the suitability of different civil society actors as mediators in conflict resolution both as part of the official process and independently through an […]

Democracy Promotion and Conflict Resolution: The Role of Access to Justice

Access to justice is often a reflection of broader socio-political trends in society. Effective access to justice is a crucial element of engagement between society and the state that allows citizens to seek fair remedy for their grievances regardless of their position in society. This report examines why access to justice contributes to conflict-resolution and the promotion of democracy and […]

Gender, Development and Conflict Resolution: Enhancing Rights & Equitable Practice

Women are crucial stakeholders in peacebuilding and democratic reform and yet they are too often sidelined because of entrenched gender biases. This paper contributes evidence-based research to consolidate policy awareness of the importance of incorporating gender perspectives into all aspects of civil and political life in ‘conflict societies’ in order to advance inclusion and democracy, […]

Constitutional Reform and Citizenship: Context and Challenges

Questions of constitution building and constitutional reform are of paramount importance, particularly when the constitution making process arises in the aftermath of violent conflict or as a transitional arrangement in post-conflict societies. This paper aims to examine the nature of constitution building and constitutional reform.

Briefing Paper: ‘The Next Two Years Ahead of Turkey: Two Leaders, Two Different Lines, Two Readings’

Turkey will soon hold its first election in which the presidency will be awarded according to a popular vote. Mr Erdoğan and Mr Gül are eager to contest the position and hold unrivalled positions of power and influence within AK Party. This paper examines in detail aspects of key speeches given by Turkish Prime Minister […]

DDR and the Complexity of Contemporary Conflict

This paper intends to investigate the challenges facing disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) programmes in post-conflict societies and suggests that inclusive approaches based on dialogue can be successful in overcoming them. Through an exploration of the complex nature of contemporary conflict this paper shows that post-conflict environments are not as straightforward as their name implies. […]

New Media and the Development of Democracy

This paper investigates the potential of New Media in helping to develop localised democratic cultures based on inclusive dialogue, participation and engagement, which are key components of the development of democracy. It investigates the capacity of New Media, with its non-hierarchical, networked structure to help develop a healthy civil society which engages with the key […]

Obstacles and Opportunities for Transitional Justice: TRCs

This paper takes a comparative approach to assess some of the major strengths and weaknesses associated with TRCs. By drawing on the wealth of knowledge available through case studies of transitional societies, obstacles and opportunities for TRCs are identified. The influence of international organisations such as the UN is also be taken into account. These […]

The Gendered Effect of Conflict

The growing body of international law and legal commentary offering a gendered perspective on conflict includes international conventions, United Nations Security Council Resolutions, commentary by international legal bodies as well as international conferences on the issue. All have contributed to an established recognition of the disproportionate effect of conflict on women and of the importance of women’s participation for […]

the Kurdish Conflict:International Humanitarian Law and Post-Conflict Mechanisms

This book, by Kerim Yildiz and Susan Breau, is highly topical considering the recent resurgence of violence by the PKK, the incursions into Northern Iraq by the Turkish army and security forces and Turkey’s EU accession negotiations. Turkey has become an increasingly important player in Middle Eastern geopolitics. More than two decades of serious conflict in Turkey […]